How is Workplace Drug Testing done?

All that M Toxicology needs to perform workplace drug testing is a urine sample.

One out of every ten full-time employees use drugs or abuses alcohol and 76% of all illegal drug users are employed.

When should workplace drug testing be done?

  • Periodic: this is scheduled and is typically performed on current employees at consistent time periods throughout the year (perhaps once or twice a year). In this case, all employees are collectively and indiscriminately tested for drugs of abuse.
  • Pre-employment: this is done before one takes up employment in a given workplace.
  • Random: this is done indiscriminately with a purpose of preventing employee workplace drug abuse. This may be done once or twice a year.
  • Reasonable suspicion: this is done on an individual that is suspected to abuse drugs following their odd behavior.
  • Post-accident/post-incident: This should be standard practice for most workplaces. This substantiates whether an accident was due to the influence of drugs or not. This also guides on the benefits that an employee claims.
  • Return-to-duty for previously suspended employees: This is carried out when a previously suspended employee (for drug abuse) is to return to duty.
  • “Follow-up” – applied only to previously suspended employees “if” re-hired: It is recommended that a minimum of 5 follow-up drug tests of the reinstated employee are required in the first 12 months following re-hire.

Problems associated with drug use or drug dependency.

  • Increase in Injuries/accident rates
  • Premature death/fatal accidents
  • Theft
  • Absenteeism/extra sick leave
  • Loss of production
  • Tardiness/sleeping on the job
  • After-effects of substance use (hangover, withdrawal) affecting job performance
  • Poor decision making
  • Loss of efficiency
  • Lower morale of co-workers
  • Increased likelihood of conflicts with co-workers/supervisors
  • Illegal activities at work including selling illicit drugs to other employees
  • Higher employee turnover

Common reasons employers implement drug testing.

  • Deter employees from abusing alcohol and drugs
  • Prevent hiring individuals who use illegal drugs
  • Be able to identify early and appropriately refer employees who have drug and/or alcohol problems for rehabilitation
  • Provide a safe workplace for employees
  • Protect the general public and instill consumer confidence that employees are working in a safe drug-free environment
  • Avoid hiring individuals who pose a safety risk
  • Help hang on to responsible employees who value safety
  • Demonstrate your social responsibility to the communities you work in
  • Be assured of competent employees
  • Maximize productivity (because employees that are not on drugs are at their best potential)
  • Ensure consistency in quality and standard of products